You are in an exepmtion category if: You were a blind pensioner or you received the sickness allowance from Centrelink. You were entitled to full free medical treatment for all conditions under defence force arrangements or Veterans’ Affairs Repatriation health card (gold card) or repatriation arrangements. You were not an Australian resident for tax purposes You were a resident of Norfolk Island. You were a member of a diplomatic mission or consular post in Australia – or a member of such a person’s family and you were living with them – and you were not an Australian citizen and you do not ordinarily live in Australia. You have a certificate from the Medicare Levy Exemption Certification Unit of Medicare Australia (previously Health Insurance Commission) showing that you are not entitled to Medicare benefits. If you were not in one of these exemption categories, you are not entitled to an exemption.